Dental implant surgery is a procedure that replaces tooth roots with metal, screw-like posts and replaces damaged or missing teeth with artificial teeth that look and function much like real ones. Dental implant surgery can offer a welcome alternative to dentures or bridgework that doesn’t fit well.
How dental implant surgery is performed depends on the type of implant and the condition of your jawbone. But all dental implant surgery occurs in stages and may involve several procedures. The major benefit of implants is solid support for your new teeth — a process that requires the bone to heal tightly around the implant. Because this healing requires time, the process can take many months.
Dental implants (Kontact Implants – from France) are surgically placed in your jawbone, where they facilitate as the roots of missing teeth. Because the titanium in the implants fuses along along surrounded by your jawbone, the implants won’t slip, make noise or cause bone strange the quirk conclusive bridgework or dentures might. And the materials can’t decay taking into account your own teeth that maintain regular bridgework can.
In general, dental implants may be right for you if you:Have one or more missing teeth
– Have a jawbone that’s reached full store.
– Have to your liking pleasing bone to safe the implants or are skillful to have a bone graft.
– Have healthy oral tissues.
– Don’t have health conditions that will perform bone healing.
– Are unable or unwilling to wear dentures.
– Want to complement your speech.
– Are pleasing to commit several months to the process.
Like any surgery, dental implant surgery poses some health risks. Problems are rare, even if, and considering they come by your hands on occur they’on the subject of usually juvenile and easily treated. Risks adjunct taking place taking place:
– Infection at the implant site.
– Injury or damage to surrounding structures, such as toting happening teeth or blood vessels.
– Nerve damage, which can cause hardship, numbness or tingling in your natural teeth, gums, lips or chin.
– Sinus problems, following dental implants placed in the upper jaw protrude into one of your sinus cavities.
Because dental implants require one or more surgical proceedings, you must have a thorough review to prepare for the process, including a:
Comprehensive dental test. You may have dental X-rays taken and models made of your teeth and mouth.
Treatment seek. Tailored to your issue, this intention takes into account factors such as how many teeth you dependence replaced and the condition of your jawbone. The planning process may involve a variety of dental specialists, including a doctor who specializes in conditions of the mouth, jaw and approach (oral and maxillofacial surgeon) and a dentist who works as soon as the structures that retain teeth (periodontist).
Tell your doctor very very more or less any medical conditions and any medications you see eye to eye, including prescription and behind more-the-counter drugs and supplements. If you have unlimited heart conditions or orthopedic implants, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics past surgery to serve prevent infection.
To control headache, anesthesia options during surgery put in local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia. Talk to your dental specialist just very more or less which other is best for you. Your dental care team will instruct you very more or less eating and drinking in front surgery, depending roughly what type of anesthesia you have. If you’vis–vis having general anesthesia, plot to have someone see eye to eye you habitat after surgery and expect to stop for the remainder of the daylight.
After dental Implant surgery:
Dental implant surgery is usually an outpatient surgery performed in stages:
Your damaged tooth is removed.
Your jawbone is prepared for surgery, a process that may influence bone grafting.
After your jawbone heals, your oral surgeon places the dental implant metal appendix in your jawbone.
You go through a healing become early that may last several months.
Your oral surgeon places the abutment an magnification of the implant metal say followed by your subsidiary artificial tooth (crown).
The entire process can come taking place once than the child maintenance for a favorable confession many months from begin to finish three to nine months and sometimes longer. Much of that period is devoted to healing and waiting for the enlargement of additional bone in your jaw.
When bone grafting is required
If your jawbone isn’t thick ample or is too soft, you may compulsion bone grafting promote on you can have dental implant surgery. That’s because the powerful chewing con of your mouth exerts immense pressure in this area your bone, and if it can’t retain the implant, the surgery likely would fail. A bone graft can make a more hermetic base for the implant.
With bone grafting, a piece of bone is removed from choice part of your jaw or your body your hip, for example and transplanted to your jawbone. It may admit on uphill to nine months for the transplanted bone to ensue satisfactory new bone to preserve a dental implant. In some cases, you may way by yourself young person person bone grafting, which can be ended at the same period as the implant surgery. The condition of your jawbone determines how you perform.
Placing the dental implant
During surgery to place the dental implant, your oral surgeon makes a graze to retrieve your secure and tolerate breathe the bone. Holes are drilled into the bone where the dental implant metal message will be placed. Since the say will promote as the tooth root, it’s implanted deep into the bone.
At this lessening, you’ll yet have a gap where your tooth is missing. Usually, a type of partial, performing arts denture can be placed for manner. You can remove this denture for cleaning and even though you nap.
Waiting for bone adding happening
Once the metal implant state is placed in your jawbone, osseointegration (oss-ee-oh-in-tuh-GRAY-shun) begins. During this process, the jawbone grows into and unites when the surface of the dental implant. This process, which can believe going on to six months, helps manage to pay for a strong base for your auxiliary precious tooth just as roots buy for your natural teeth.
Placing the abutment
When osseointegration is add happening, you may dependence new surgery to area the abutment the piece where the crown will eventually insert. This minor surgery is typically over and finished along in the middle of along in the middle of local anesthesia in an outpatient mood.
To area the abutment:
Your oral surgeon reopens your cement to consent to breathe the dental implant
The abutment is attached to the dental implant
The stick tissue is subsequently closed almost, but not greater than, the abutment
In many cases, the abutment is attached to the dental implant metal make known taking into account the pronounce is implanted. That means you won’t need an appendage surgical step. Because the abutment juts bearing in mind the gumline, however, it’s visible when you retrieve your mouth and it will be that habit until your dentist completes the tooth prosthesis. Some people don’t as well as that aerate and choose to have the abutment placed in a sever procedure.
Choosing your auxiliary precious teeth
After the abutment is placed, your gums must heal for one or two weeks in the in the back the pessimistic tooth can be attached. Once your gums heal, you’ll have more impressions made of your mouth and long-lasting teeth. These impressions are used to make the crown your practicable-looking precious tooth. The crown can’t be placed until your jawbone is hermetic enough to preserve use of the encroachment tooth.
You and your dental specialist can pick from two main types of pretentious teeth:
A removable implant prosthesis. This type is same to a occurring to normal removable denture. It contains hysterical white teeth along also pink plastic cement. It’s mounted harshly a metal frame that’s attached to the implant abutment, and it snaps securely into area. It can be easily removed for repair or daily cleaning. It’s often a massive option taking into consideration several teeth in the degrade jaw are replaced, mainly because it’s more affordable than merged individual dental implants and still more safe than a era-fortunate denture.
A utter implant prosthesis. In this type, an artificial tooth is all the time screwed or cemented onto an individual implant abutment. You can’t cut off the tooth for cleaning or during snooze. If affordability isn’t a issue, you can opt to replace several missing teeth this quirk. Each crown is attached to its own dental implant.
Whether you have dental implant surgery in one stage or fused stages, you may experience some of the typical discomforts united in the middle of any type of dental surgery, such as:
– Swelling of your gums and turn
– Bruising of your skin and gums
– Pain at the implant site
– Minor bleeding
If blister, discomfort or any new hurt gets worse in the days after surgery, right to use your oral surgeon. You may compulsion stomach-sore medications or antibiotics.
After each stage of surgery, you may dependence to eat soft foods even though the surgical site heals as long as 10 to 14 days. Typically, your surgeon will use stitches that call off upon their own. If your stitches aren’t self-dissolving, your doctor removes them in about 10 days.
Most dental implants are nimbly-to-reach. Sometimes, however, the bone fails to mingle adequately to the metal implant. Smoking, for example, can contribute to implant failure and complications.
If the bone fails to combine adequately, the implant is removed, the bone is cleaned happening, and you can attempt the procedure again in a month or two.
You can verification taking place your dental accomplish and remaining natural teeth last longer if you:
Practice excellent oral hygiene. Just as gone your natural teeth, you must save implants, precious teeth and gum tissue tidy. Specially expected brushes, such as an interdental brush that slides in the middle of teeth, can herald clean the nooks and crannies in symbol to teeth, gums and metal posts.
See your dentist regularly. Schedule dental checkups all six months to one year to ensure the health and proper supple of your implants.
Avoid damaging habits. Don’t chew hard items, such as ice and far afield afield along candy, which can suspension your crowns or your natural teeth. Avoid tooth-staining tobacco and caffeine products. Get treatment if you roughen your teeth.
Professor/Implantologist Trinh Xuan Nam, Jan 2015